Indexed By
Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
Email the author (Login required)
About The Authors

W Mindari
UPN Jawa Timur

Senior Lecturer

N Aini
Brawijaya University


Z Kusuma
Brawijaya University


S Syekhfani
Brawijaya University


Author Guidelines

SJR Rank

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Sinta Rank

Sinta Rank

Visitor Statistic

Effects of humic acid-based cation buffer on chemical characteristics of saline soil and growth of maize

W Mindari, N Aini, Z Kusuma, S Syekhfani
  J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. , pp. 259-268  
Viewed : 2435 times


Humic acid is believed to maintain the stability of the soil reaction, adsorption / fixation / cationic chelate, thereby increasing the availability of water and plant nutrients. On the other hand, the dynamics of saline soil cation is strongly influenced by the change of seasons that disrupt water and nutrient uptake of plants. This experiment was aimed to examine the characteristics of the humic acid from compost, coal, and peat and its function in the adsorption of cations (K+ and NH4+), thus increasing the availability of nutrients and growth of maize. The treatments tested were combination of three sources of humic acid (compost, peat and coal), two types of cation additives (K+ and NH4+), and three doses of humic acid-based buffer: 10, 20, and 30 g / 3kg. The treatments were evaluated against changes in pH, EC, cation exchange, chlorophyll content, plant dry weight and plant height. The experimental results showed that the addition of K+ and NH4+ affected the value of pH, CEC, K+, NH4+ and water content of the buffer. Application of humic acid-based buffer significantly affected exchangeable Na and exchangeable K. Humic pH dropped from > 7 to about 6.3, EC soil was about 0.9 mS / cm, exchangeable Ca, exchangeable Mg, exchangeable Na, and exchangeable K, respectively, were around 15.57-20:21; 1.76-6.52; 0.40-0.56 and 0.05-0.51 me / 100g soil. Plant growth (plant height, chlorophyll content, leaf area, and stem weight) at 35 days after planting increased with increasing dose of humic acid. The dose of 20g peat humic acid + NH4+ or 30g peat humic acid + K+ per 3 kg of saline soil gave the best results compared to the growth of maize from other treatments.


compost; cations; humic acids; maize saline soil

Full Text:



Anaya-Olvera, A. 2009. Method of Obtaining A Concentrate Humic Extract from Organic and Inorganic Sources. Patent No: Us 7,510, 590, B2.

Ayers, R.S. and Westcot, D.W. 1976. Water Quality for Agriculture. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.

Bohn, H., McNeal, B.L. and O’Connor, G.A. 2001. Soil Chemistry, Third Edition. John Wiley & Sons.Inc. 307p.

Canellas, L.P. and Olivares, F.L. 2014. Physiological responses to humic substances as plant growth promoter. Chemical and Biological Technologies in Agriculture 1:3 http:// www. Chembioagro .com/content /pdf/2196-5641-1-3

Çelik, H., Katkat, A.V., Aşik, B.B. and Turan, M.A. 2010. Effect of humus on growth and nutrient uptake of maize under saline and calcareous conditions. Agriculture 97(4): 15-22.

Chen, C.H.H., Ahmed, O.H., Majid, N.M.Ab. and Jalloh, M.B. 2009. Reduction of isolation period of coal humic acids. American Journal of Applied Sciences 6 (7): 1327-1330.

Chen,Y, Senesi, N. and Schnitzer, M. 1977. Information provided on humic substances by E4:E6 ratios. Soil Science Society of America Journal 41: 352–358

Food and Agriculture Organization. 2005. Management of Irrigation Induced Salt Affected Soils.

Goff, D.W. 1982. Method of Producing Humic Acid. Us Patent C 4,319,041

Goudarzi M. and Pakniyat, H. 2008. Comparison between salt tolerance of various cultivars of wheat and maize. Journal of Applied Sciences 8 (12): 2300-2305

Humintech. 2012. information/ general.html

Khaled, H. and Fawy, H.A. 2011. Effect of different levels of humic acids on the nutrient content, plant growth, and soil properties under conditions of salinity. Soil and Water Research 6 (1): 21–29.

Kononova, M.M. 1966. Soil Organic Matter, Its Nature, Its Role in Soil Formation and in Soil Fertility, 2nd English ed. Pergamon Oxford, 544 p

Lebo Jr. S.E., Kevin. W.R., Stephen, W. and Dickman, L. 1997. Production of oxidized humic acids by an oxygen-alkali. Process 5:688-999.

Mikkelsen, R.L. 2005. Humic materials for agriculture. Better Crops 89 (3): 6-10.

Mindari, W., Kusuma, Z. and Syekhfani. 2013. Isolation and Characterization of Humic Acid of Various Waste Materials on Saline Soil and Their Effects to Paddy. Proceeding of International Conference on Green–Agro Industry, Ina GarudaHotel, Yogyakarta 12-14 November, p 255-233

Mindari,W., Maroeto. and Syekhfani. 2011. Maize tolerance to water salinity. Journal of Tropical Soil 16 (3): 211-218

Nur Hanisah, M. R., Ahmed, O.H., Susilawati, K., Ab.Majid, N.M. and Jalloh, M.B. 2008. Determination of minimal duration essential for isolation of humic acids from soils in forest restoration programmes. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences 3 (3): 597-601.

Nursyamsi, D., Idris, K. Sabiham S., Rachim D. A., dan Sofyan, A. 2009. Jerapan dan pengaruh Na+, NH4+, dan Fe3+ terhadap ketersediaan K pada tanah-tanah yang didominasi mineral liat smektit. Jurnal Tanah Tropika 14 (1): 33-40.

Orlov, D.S., Ammosova,Y.M. and Glebova, G.I. 1975. Molecular parameters of humic acids. Geoderma, 13: 211–229

Paksoy, M., Türkmen, Ö. and Dursun, A. 2010. Effects of potassium and humic acid on emergence, growth and nutrient contents of okra (Abelmo schusesculentus) seedling under saline soil conditions. African Journal of Biotechnology 9 (33): 5343-5346.

Pansu, M. and Gautheyrou, J. 2006. Handbook of Soil Analysis Mineralogical, Organic and Inorganic Methods. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. 993p

Pena-Méndez, E.M., Havel, J. and Patocka, J. 2005. Humic substances, compounds of still unknown structure: applications in agriculture, industry, environment, and biomedicine. Journal of Applied Biomedicine 3:13-24.

Permentan No. 70-11. 2011. Tentang Pupuk Organik, Pupuk Hayati dan Pembenah Tanah. http://

Petrus, A.C., Ahmed, O.H., Nik Muhamad, A.M., Nasir, H.M. and Jiwan, M. 2010. Effect of K-N-Humates on dry matter production and nutrient use efficiency of maize in Sarawak, Malaysia. The Scientific World Journal10:1282–1292

Pettit, R.E. 2011. Organic Matter, Humus, Humate, Humic Acid, Fulvic Acid, and Humin: http://www.

Sharma, P. and Kappler, A. 2011. Desorption of arsenic from clay and humic acid-coated clay by dissolved phosphate and silicate. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology 126 (2011) 216–225

Sparks, D. L. 2003. Environmental Soil Chemistry. Second Edition. University of Delaware. Academic Press. 345 P.

Stevenson, F.J. 1994. Humus Chemistry: Genesis, Composition, Reaction. 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York. p. 36.

Tan, K.H. 2003. Humic Matter in Soil and the Environment. Principles and Controversies. University of Georgia. Athens, Georgia, U.S.A.

Tan, K.H. 1998. Principles of Soil Chemistry. 3rd Ed. 521 P.

Turan, M.A., Asik, B.B., Katkat, A.V. and Celik, H. 2011.The effects of soil-applied humic substances to the dry weight and mineral nutrient uptake of maize plants under soil-salinity conditions. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 39(1):171-177

Zhang, W.Z., Chen, X.Q., Zhou, J.M., Liu, D.H., Wang, H.Y. and Du,C.W. 2013. Influence of humic acid on interaction of ammonium and potassium ions on clay minerals. Pedosphere 23(4): 493–502.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2014 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management

License URL:

Indexed By