Effects of application of groundnut biomass compost on uptake of phosphorus by maize grown on an Ultisol of South Sulawesi
Keywords:available soil P, acid soil, crop residues, ground nut
Low crop production is acid dryland area of South Sulawesi is due to low availability of P in the soils. One of alternatives that can be performed to overcome the problems of acid soils having high level of exchangeable Al, is through the addition of organic material. In the upland areas in South Sulawesi, crop rice, maize and groundnut crop residues are readily available, but the crop residues are generally only used as animal feed or even burned. This study was aimed to elucidate the effects of groundnut compost on P uptake by maize in Ultisol of Moncongloe, South Sulawesi. Eight kilograms of air dried soil was mixed with compost according to the following treatments; 0, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35 and 40 t compost/ha. All pots received 200 kg/ha KCl and 300 kg Urea/ha as basal fertilizers. Two maize seeds were planted in each pot and thinned to one plant per pot after one week. At harvest maize shoot dry weight and maize root dry weight, length of maize cop, cob weight, cob diameter, weight grains per cob, P uptake by maize, P content in maize grain, soil available P were measured. Results of the study showed that groundnut compost has the ability to improve the availability of P in the soil and increase P uptake by maize grown on an Ultisol of South Sulawesi. Application of 25 t groundnut compost/ha was the optimal rate that can be used to increase P availability in an Ultisol of South Sulawesi.
Bais, H.P., Weir,, T.L. Perry, L.G., Gilroy, S. and Vivanco, J.M. 2006. The role of root exudates in rhizosphere interactions with plants and other organisms. Annual Review in Plant Biolology 57: 233â€“266.
Chen, C.R., Condron, L.M. and Xu, Z.H. 2008. Impacts of grassland afforestation with coniferous trees on soil phosphorus dynamics and associated microbial processes: a review. Forest Ecology and Management 255: 396â€“409.
Eyheraguibel, B. 2004. Characterization of Humic Substances Derived from Organic Waste Enhancements-Effects on Plants]. Doctoral Dissertatoin, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, Toulouse, France.
Hiradate, S., Yonezawa, T. and Takesako, H. 2007. Fine fractionation and purification of the fulvic acid fraction using adsorption and precipitation procedures. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 53: 413â€“419.
Johnson, S.E. and Loeppert, R.H. 2006. Role of organic acids in phosphate mobilization from goethite. Soil Science Society of America Journal 70:222â€“234.
Kasifah, Syekhfani, Nuraini, Y. and Handayanto, E. 2014. Effects of plant residue and compost extracts on phosphorus solubilization of rock phosphate and soil. American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (accepted, in press June 2014).
Minardi, S., Handayanto, E., Sykehfani. dan Suntoro. 2007. Penggunaan macam bahan organik dengan kandungan total asam humat dan fulvat berbeda dan pupuk p terhadap ketersediaan dan serapan p pada tanaman jagung. Agrivita 29 (2): 131-142.
Mulyani, A., Hikmatullah, dan Subagyo, H. 2004. Karakteristik dan Potensi Tanah Masam Lahan Kering di Indonesia. dalam Prosiding Simposium Nasional Pendayagunaan Tanah Masam. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanah dan Agroklimat, Bogor. Hal: 1-32.
Oburger, E., Jones, D.L. and Wenzel, W.W. 2011. Phosphorus saturation and pH differentially regulate the efficiency of organic acid anion-mediated p solubilization mechanisms in soil. Plant and Soil 341: 363â€“382.
Setiawati, T.C., Handayanto, E., Syekhfani, and Rayes. M.L. 2009. Availability and uptake of phosphorus from phosphate-solubilising bacteria activity in soybean and corn biomass using radioisotope tracer technique. Agrivita 31 (1): 95-104.
Stevenson, F. J. 1982. Humus Chemistry Genesis, Composition, Reactions. John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York.
Syarief, M., Gusrizal, dan Asadi. 2008. Karakteristik asam fulvat dari tanah gambut dan pengaruhnya pada pertumbuhan dan produktivitas tanaman jagung yang ditanam pada tanah bekas tambang emas. Jurnal Penelitian Universitas Tanjungpura 10 (2): 15-30.
Thao, H.T.B., George, T., Yamakawa, T. and Widowati, L.R. 2008. Effects of soil aggregate size on phosphorus extractability and uptake by rice (Oryza sativa L.) and corn (Zea mays L.) in two Ultisols from the Philippines. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 54: 148â€“158.
Trevisan, S., Francioso, O., Quaggiotti, S. and Nardi, S. 2010. Humic substances biological-activity at the plant-soil interface. Plant Signature and Behaviour 5 (6): 635-643.
Verlinden, G., Pycke, B., Martens, J., Debersaques, F., Verheyen, K., Baert, G., Bries, J. and Haesaert, G. 2009. Application of humic substances results in consistent increases in crop yield and nutrient uptake. Journal of Plant Nutrition 32: 1407â€“1426
Vitousek, P.M., Porder S., Houlton, B.Z. and Chadwick, O.A. 2010. Terrestrial phosphorus limitation: mechanisms, implications, and nitrogen-phosphorus interactions. Applied Ecology 20 (1): 5â€“15.
Wahyudi, I., Handayanto, E., Syekhfani, dan Utomo, W.H. 2010. Pengaruh pemberian kompos Gliricidia dan Tithonia terhadap konsentrasi aluminium pada Ultisol dan serapan fosfor oleh tanaman jagung. Agrivita. 32 (2): 163-173.
Watanabe, T., Osaki, M., Yano, H. and Rao, I.M. 2006. Internal mechanism of plant adaptation to aluminium toxicity and phosphorus starvation in three tropical forages. Journal of Plant Nutrition 29: 1243-1255.
Winarso, S., Handayanto, E., Syekhfani. and Sulistyanto, D. 2009. Pengaruh senyawa humik terhadap aktivitas aluminium dan fosfat typic plaeudult kentrong banteng. Agrivita 31 (3): 214-222.
How to Cite
LicenseSubmission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Scientific Journal by Eko Handayanto is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://www.ub.ac.id.
Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at http://www.ircmedmind.ub.ac.id.