Water and sediment yields from two catchments with different land cover areas


  • Tyas Mutiara Basuki Watershed Management Technology Center




forest area, sediment yield, water yield


Land cover and human activities affect water yield and soil erosion-sedimentation in a catchment. Therefore, a study to obtain information of water and sediment yields from two catchments covered by different land cover areas has been conducted in Tanjung and Bakar catchments. The catchments are located in Tanah Laut Regency, South Kalimantan Province. The area of secondary forest inTanjung and Bakar catchments are 31 and 10%. The water yield was obtained by measuring Stream Water Level (SWL) and converted the data into stream water discharge using a stream water discharge rating curve. Sediment samples were taken for every increament of SWL. The sediment concentration in water samples were converted to sediment discharge (kg/second) using a sediment discharge rating curve. The results showed that water and sediment yields in 2016 of Tanjung cacthment were higher than Bakar catchment. The water and sediment yields of Tanjung were 2994 mm and 15.7 t/ha. Bakar catchment produces water yield 2750 mm and sediment yield 7.4 t/ha. Based on the study, it shows that the suspended sediment in stream water is not only affected by the percentage of forest cover, but it is also influenced by the activities within the catchment such as traditional mining.


Aksoy, H. and Kavvas, M.L. 2005. A review of hillslope and watershed scale erosion and sediment transport models. Catena 64(2-3): 247-271.

Awotwi, A., Yeboah, F. and Kumi, M. 2015. Assessing the impact of land cover changes on water balance components of White Volta Basin in West Africa. Water and Environment Journal 29(2): 259-267.

Baker, T.J. and Miller, S.N. 2013. Using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) to assess land use impact on water resources in an East African watershed. Journal of Hydrology 486:100-111.

Basuki, T.M., Adi, R.N., and Sulasmiko, E. 2017. Hasil air hutan jati dari dua sub daerah aliran sungai dengan luas berbeda. Jurnal Penelitian Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai 1(1): 1-14.

Beck, H.E., Bruijnzeel, L.A., van Dijk, A.I.J.M., McVicar, T.R., Scatena, F.N. and J. Schellekens, J.2013. The impact of forest regeneration on streamflow in 12 mesoscale humid tropical catchments. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 17(7): 2613-2635.

Blöschl, G., Ardoin-Bardin, S., Bonell, M., Dorninger, M., Goodrich, D., Gutknecht, D., Matamoros, D., Merz, B., Shand, P. and Szolgay, J. 2007. At what scales do climate variability and land cover change impact on flooding and low flows? Hydrological Processes 21(9): 1241-1247.

Cai, T., Li, Q., Yu, M., Lu, G., Cheng, L. and Wei, X. 2012. Investigation into the impacts of land-use change on sediment yield characteristics in the upper Huaihe River basin, China. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts AB/C 53-54: 1-9.

Defersha, M.B. and Melesse, A.M. 2012. Field-scale investigation of the effect of land use on sediment yield and runoff using runoff plot data and models in the Mara River basin, Kenya. Catena 89(1): 54-64.

Feng, X.M., Wang, Y., Chen L. and Bai, G. 2010. Modeling soil erosion and its response to land-use change in hilly catchments of the Chinese Loess Plateau. Geomorphology 118(3-4): 239-248.

Gallo, E.L. Meixner, T., Aoubid, H., Lohse, K.A. and Brooks, P.D. 2015. Combined impact of catchment size, land cover, and precipitation on streamflow and total dissolved nitrogen: A global comparative analysis. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 29: 1109-1121.

De Girolamo, A.M. and Lo Porto, A. 2012. Land use scenario development as a tool for watershed management within the Rio Mannu Basin. Land Use Policy 29(3): 691-701.

Isik, S., Kalin, L., Schoonover, J.E., Srivastava, P. and Lockaby, B.G. 2013. Modeling effects of changing land use/cover on daily streamflow: An Artificial Neural Network and curve number based hybrid approach. Journal of Hydrology 485: 103-112.

Liu, W., Wei, X., Liu, S., Liu, Y., Fan, H., Zhang, M., Yin, J. and Zhan, M. 2015. How do climate and forest changes affect long-term stream flow dynamics: A case study in the upper reach of Poyang River basin. Ecohydrology 8(1): 46-57.

Notebaert, B., Verstraeten, G., Ward, P.J. and Van Rompaey, L.A. 2011. Modeling the sensitivity of sediment and water runoff dynamics to Holocene climate and land use changes at the catchment scale. Geomorphology 126(1-2):18-31.

Sharma, A., Tiwari, K.N. and Bhadoria, P.B.S. 2011. Effect of land use land cover change on soil erosion potential in an agricultural watershed. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 173(1-4): 789-801.

Shi, Z.H., Ai, L., Li, X., Huang, X.D., Wu, G.L. and Liao, W. 2013. Partial least-squares regression for linking land-cover patterns to soil erosion and sediment yield in watersheds. Journal of Hydrology 498:165-176.

Sterling, S.M., Ducharne, A. and Polcher, J. 2013. The impact of global land-cover change on the terrestrial water cycle. Nature Climate Change 3(4): 385-390.

Sun, W., Shao, Q., Liu, J. and Zhai, J. 2014. Assessing the effects of land use and topography on soil erosion on the Loess Plateau in China. Catena 121: 151-163.

Tang, L., Yang, D., Hu, H. and Gao, B. 2011. Detecting the effect of land-use change on streamflow, sediment and nutrient losses by distributed hydrological simulation. Journal of Hydrology 409(1-2): 172-182.

Thothong, W., Huon, S., Janeau, J.L., Boonsaner, A., de Rouw, A., Planchon, O., Bardoux, G. and Parkpian, P. 2011. Impact of land use change and rainfall on sediment and carbon accumulation in a water reservoir of North Thailand. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 140(3-4): 521-533.

Wang, G., Yang, H,, Wang, L., Xu, Z. and Xue, B. 2014. Using the SWAT model to assess impacts of land use changes on runoff generation in headwaters. Hydrological Processes 28(3): 1032-1042.

Zhou, G., Wei., X., Chen, X., Zhou, P., Luu, X., Xiao, Y., Sun, G., Scott, D.F., Zhou, S., Hano, L. and Su, Y. 2015. Global pattern for the effect of climate and land cover on water yield. Nature Communications 6: 1-9.








How to Cite

Basuki, T. M. (2017). Water and sediment yields from two catchments with different land cover areas. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management, 4(4), 853–861. https://doi.org/10.15243/jdmlm.2017.044.853



Research Article