A geoinformatics and RUSLE model-based soil erosion assessment in a tropical mountainous area of Chite watershed, Mizoram, India


  • PC Lalrindika Department of Geography & RM, Mizoram University, Aizawl, 796001, India
  • R Zonunsanga Centre for Disaster Management, Mizoram University, Aizawl, 796001, India
  • V Vanlaltanpuia Department of Geography, Govt. Aizawl North College, Aizawl, 796001, India
  • P Rinawma Department of Geography & RM, Mizoram University, Aizawl, 796001, India




Chite watershed, GIS, RUSLE, soil erosion, tropical mountainous region


Soil erosion remains a persistent menace to the sustainability of agriculture and the environment in tropical mountainous regions. Soil erosion assessment is therefore necessary to identify degraded land areas for implementing effective conservation and management strategies. Hence, this study focuses on estimating potential soil erosion and analyzing their spatial patterns in the Chite watershed, situated in the Eastern Himalayas, India, using the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) model in Geographic Information System (GIS) platform. Various datasets encompassing remote sensing, ground observations, and laboratory analysis were employed to prepare the model’s input factors. The estimated mean erosion rate of the study area is 6.10 t ha-1 year-1, which produces a total soil loss of about 357580.90 t year-1. Spatial analysis reveals that about 5.79% of the watershed is under a relatively severe erosion category, contributing 70.13% of the total soil loss. Soil erosion appraisal with respect to the land use/ land cover (LULC) indicates a considerable consequence of various anthropogenic activities in the watershed. Higher rates of soil erosion are mainly observed on the bare land, cropland, and settlement areas which are characterized by steep and continuous slopes. The present findings were also validated with previous work undertaken in some comparable regions. This research can serve as a reliable tool towards the development of successful soil conservation measures and for promoting sustainable land use planning in this ecologically sensitive tropical mountainous region.


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How to Cite

Lalrindika, P., Zonunsanga, R., Vanlaltanpuia, V., & Rinawma, P. (2024). A geoinformatics and RUSLE model-based soil erosion assessment in a tropical mountainous area of Chite watershed, Mizoram, India. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management, 11(3), 5875–5884. https://doi.org/10.15243/jdmlm.2024.113.5875



Research Article