The dynamics of the nutrients in degraded Vertic Endoaquepts of rainfed rice fields with soil ameliorant and soil tillage management

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15243/jdmlm.2023.103.4357

Keywords:

nutrient availability, rice fields, soil ameliorant, soil tillage, Vertic Endoaquepts

Abstract

Intensive land use in the long term can cause land degradation, affecting soil fertility, especially on Vertic Endoaquepts in Pati that have been managed as rainfed rice fields. The characteristics of rainfed rice fields are low nutrient availability and rice yields. This study aimed to determine the effect of tillage depth management and soil ameliorants on nutrient availability, plant uptake, and rice yield in rainfed rice fields. The field experiment that was conducted at farmer’s field used a split-plot design. The main plot was the treatment of tillage depth treatments (OT), with depths of 10 cm (T1) and 20 cm (T2). The subplots were ameliorant treatments (A), consisting of A1 = sugarcane leaf compost, A2 = rice straw compost, A3 = chicken manure, and A4 = cow manure, with each dose of 5 t ha-1. The Inpari 32 rice variety was grown for 95 days. Available N, P and K of the soil were measured at 0, 62, and 94 days after transplanting (DAT). Plant N, P, and K contents, plant height, number of tillers, and rice yield were measured at 62 DAT. The results showed that the interaction of soil depth and ameliorant significantly affected soil available P and K but had no significant effect on soil available N. Ameliorant treatment of cow manure significantly increased rice yield.

Author Biographies

Nourma Al Viandari, Research Center for Food Crops, Research Organization for Agriculture and Food, National Research and Innovation Agency

Research Organization for Agriculture and Food

Anicetus Wihardjaka, Research Center for Food Crops, Research Organization for Agriculture and Food, National Research and Innovation Agency

Research Organization for Agriculture and Food

Heru Bagus Pulunggono, Department of Soil Science and Land Resource, IPB University

Department of Soil Science and Land Resource

Suwardi Suwardi, Department of Soil Science and Land Resource, IPB University

Department of Soil Science and Land Resource

Mas Teddy Sutriadi, Research Center for Food Crops, Research Organization for Agriculture and Food, National Research and Innovation Agency

Research Organization for Agriculture and Food

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Submitted

10-10-2022

Accepted

22-12-2022

Published

01-04-2023

How to Cite

Al Viandari, N., Wihardjaka, A., Pulunggono, H. B., Suwardi, S., & Sutriadi, M. T. (2023). The dynamics of the nutrients in degraded Vertic Endoaquepts of rainfed rice fields with soil ameliorant and soil tillage management. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management, 10(3), 4357–4367. https://doi.org/10.15243/jdmlm.2023.103.4357

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Research Article