The influence of land cover variation on soil erosion vulnerability around coal mining concession areas in South Borneo


  • Supandi Supandi PT Borneo Indobara
  • Yudha Hardiyanto Eka Saputra PT Borneo Indobara
  • Yusanto Nugroho Faculty of Forestry, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat
  • Suyanto Suyanto Faculty of Forestry, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat
  • Gusti Syeransyah Rudy Faculty of Forestry, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat
  • Pandu Yudha Adi Putra Wirabuana Faculty of Forestry, Universitas Gadjah Mada



erodibility, slope, soil conservation, USLE, vegetation


The availability of information about soil erosion vulnerability is necessary as a primary consideration to determine the effort of soil conservation, particularly in the coal mining area. This study aimed to estimate the potential risk of soil erosion from land cover variation in a coal mining concession site in South Borneo. Data were taken from 18 stations of soil erosion monitoring which were evenly distributed in each land cover. Soil erosion vulnerability was quantified using the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) method. The comparison mean of soil erosion among land cover types was evaluated using the Kruskal-Wallis test and followed by the Nemenyi test with a significant level of 5%. Results found that the potential risk of soil erosion was significantly different among land covers (p<0.05). The highest soil erosion vulnerability was noted in the reclamation area of 1,012.3 t ha-1 year-1, while the lowest risk of soil erosion was observed in plantation forests of 47.9 t ha-1 year-1. Surprisingly, the potential risk of soil erosion in natural forests was four times higher than in oil palm plantations. Besides being located in hilly areas with high slope levels, the vegetation density in natural forests was relatively low. However, our study recorded there were two critical factors that highly correlated to soil erosion vulnerability, i.e., soil erodibility (R = 0.89; p<0.05) and slope length and steepness (R = 0.85; p<0.05).

Author Biographies

Supandi Supandi, PT Borneo Indobara

Jln. Propinsi km 180, Angsana, Tanah Bumbu 72275, South Kalimantan

Yudha Hardiyanto Eka Saputra, PT Borneo Indobara

Jln. Propinsi km 180, Angsana, Tanah Bumbu 72275, South Kalimantan

Yusanto Nugroho, Faculty of Forestry, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Jln. Jend. A. Yani km 36 Banjarbaru, South Kalimantan

Suyanto Suyanto, Faculty of Forestry, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Jln. Jend. A. Yani km 36 Banjarbaru, South Kalimantan

Gusti Syeransyah Rudy, Faculty of Forestry, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Jln. Jend. A. Yani km 36 Banjarbaru, South Kalimantan

Pandu Yudha Adi Putra Wirabuana, Faculty of Forestry, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Jln. Agro No. 1 Bulaksumur, Sleman 55281, Yogyakarta


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How to Cite

Supandi, S., Saputra, Y. H. E., Nugroho, Y., Suyanto, S., Rudy, G. S., & Wirabuana, P. Y. A. P. (2023). The influence of land cover variation on soil erosion vulnerability around coal mining concession areas in South Borneo. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management, 10(2), 4289–4295.



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