The feasibility of converting ex-coal mining void into aquaculture in North Kalimantan

Authors

  • Yoppie Christian Center for Coastal and Marine Resources Studies (CCMRS) Bogor Agricultural University
  • Andy Afandi Center for Coastal and Marine Resources Studies (CCMRS) Bogor Agricultural University
  • Budi Prabowo Center for Coastal and Marine Resources Studies (CCMRS) Bogor Agricultural University
  • Novit Rikardi Center for Coastal and Marine Resources Studies (CCMRS) Bogor Agricultural University
  • Desmiwati Desmiwati Research Center for Society and Culture, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15243/jdmlm.2023.102.4143

Keywords:

coal mining, ecosystem, freshwater aquaculture, North Kalimantan, voids

Abstract

Ex-coal mining void has changed landscape shape, physical-chemical, and soil biological properties. As a form of post-mining management, the company must restore damaged land and increase its benefits for the surrounding community, one of which is as a freshwater aquaculture area. This study was conducted in a 50.26 ha void in the concession area of the coal mining company PT. Mitrabara Adiperdana (MAP) in Malinau Regency, North Kalimantan. The method used is by examining the physical quality of the environment in the laboratory using the quality standards in Indonesian Government Regulation (PP) No. 82 of 2001 and No. 22 of 2021. A study was also conducted on the assessment of community acceptance. The study found that freshwater aquaculture for pangasius (Pangasius sp.), snakehead (Channa striata), and tilapia (Oreochromis sp.) is appropriate to apply on location with several notes: reducing the concentration of suspended solids; reducing the content of phosphate and ammonia, and reducing the concentration of lead (Pb). Regarding these issues, two methods can be used: technology of turbine and nanobubble and natural-based solution through wetland ecosystem and void basin rehabilitation. At the same time, education and promotion of the surrounding community can be applied by involving communities during the piloting and demonstration plot process.

References

Abu-Elala, N.M., Abd-Elsalam, R.M., Marouf, S., Abdelaziz, M. and Moustafa, M. 2016. Eutrophication, ammonia intoxication, and infectious diseases: interdisciplinary factors of mass mortalities in cultured Nile tilapia. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health 28(3):187-198, doi:10.1080/08997659.2016.1185050.

Ansahar, Sitorus, S.R.P., Hardjomidjojo, H. and Putri, E.I.K. 2021. An analysis of coal post-mining land for agricultivation uses (a case study on PT ABK in Kutai Kartanegara District, East Kalimantan Province). IOP Conference. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 950:012047, doi:10.1088/1755-1315/950/1/012047.

Bartelme, R.P., McLellan, S.L. and Newton, R.J. 2017. Freshwater recirculating aquaculture system operations drive biofilter bacterial community shifts around a stable nitrifying consortium of ammonia-oxidizing Archaea and Comammox Nitrospira. Fronties in Microbiology 8:101, doi:10.3389/fmicb.2017.00101.

Berg, B.L. 2009. Qualitative Research Methods for The Social Sciences. Seventh edition. Allyn and Bacon: Boston MA.

Boyd, C.E., Torrans, E.L. and Tucker, C.S. 2018, Dissolved oxygen and aeration in ictalurid catfish aquaculture. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 49(1):7-70, doi:10.1111/jwas.12469.

Chen, S., Ling, J. and Blancheton, J. 2006. Nitrification kinetics of biofilm as affected by water quality factors. Aquaculture Engineering 34(3):179-197, doi:10.1016/j.aquaeng.2005.09.004.

Dursun, F., Yurdun, T. and Ünlü, S. 2016. The first observation of domoic acid in plankton net samples from the sea of Marmara, Turkey. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 96:70-75, doi:10.1007/s00128-015-1704-4.

Dyah, A.N.A.A.A.S. and Dewi, E. 2019. The marginalization of women and children in East Kalimantan coal mining industry. Dinamika Global: Jurnal Ilmu Hubungan Internasional 4(2):233-248, doi:10.36859/jdg.v4i02.132.

Estefania, Sativa, E. and Noorliana, E. 2021. Analysis of Indonesia's GDP growth through mining sector development. Jurnal Indonesia Sosial Sains 2(5):756-765, doi:10.36418/jiss.v2i5.293 9 (in Indonesian).

Firdaus, I., Susetyo, D. and Juniah, R. 2021. Reclamation planning on mining operations PT. Prima Timah Utama in Mapur Village, Bangka Regency, Bangka Belitung Province. Indonesian Journal of Environmental Management and Sustainability 2(2018):98-101.

Frias, J.P.G.L., Otero, V. and Sobral, P. 2014. Evidence of microplastics in samples of zooplankton from Portuguese coastal waters. Marine Environmental Research 95:89-95. doi:10.1016/ j.marenvres.2014.01.001.

Herdiansyah, H., Utami, M.U. and Haryanto, J.T. 2018. Sustainability of post-mining land use and ecotourism. Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah 6(2):167-180, doi:10.22437/ppd.v6i2.5441.

JATAM. 2017. Hungry Coal: Coal Mining and Food Security in Indonesia. Jaringan Advokasi Tambang (JATAM) and Waterkeeper Alliance: Jakarta.

Juniah, R. 2017. Sustainable mining environment: technical review of post-mining plans. Indonesian Journal of Environmental Management and Sustainability 1(1) 2017: 6-10, doi:10.26554/ijems.2017.1.1.6-10.

Kamstra, A., Blom, E. and Terjesen, B.F. 2017. Mixing and scale affect moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) performance. Aquacultural Engineering 78:9-17, doi:10.1016/j.aquaeng.2017.04.004.

Kiswanto, Susanto, H. and Sudarno. 2018. Characterization of coal acid water in voids pools of coal mining in South Kalimantan. E3S Web of Conference 73:05030, doi:10.1051/e3sconf/20187305030.

Kiswanto, Wintah, Sriwahyuni, S. and Nurdin. 2022. Post-mining pond water suitability for fisheries culture in West Aceh, Indonesia. AACL Bioflux 15(1):436-445.

Labo, T., Setyowati, E. and Domai, T. 2019. 5Ps strategy for coal mining governance in the perspective of SDGs in South Malinau, North Kalimantan. The International Journal of Accounting and Business Society 27(2):159-172, doi:10.21776/ub.ijabs.2019.27.2.8.

Lieke, T., Meinelt, T., Hoseinifar, S.Y., Pan, Bo., Straus, D.L. and Steinberg C.E.W. 2020. Sustainable aquaculture requires environmental-friendly treatment strategies for fish diseases. Reviews in Aquaculture 12(2):943-965, doi:10.1111/raq.12365.

Maidie, A., Udayana, D., Insriyansyah, Almady, I.F., Susanto, A., Sukarti, K., Sulistiawati, Manege, I dan Tular, E. 2010. Utilization of coal mine settlement ponds for local fish cultivation in cages. Jurnal Riset Akuakultur 5(3):437-448, doi:10.15578/jra.5.3.2010.437-448 (in Indonesian).

McCullough, C., Schultze, M. and Vandenberg, J. 2020. Realizing Beneficial End Uses from Abandoned Pit Lakes. Minerals 10(2):133, doi:10.3390/min10020133.

Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resource of Indonesia (ESDM). 2020. Province with the Largest Amount of Coal Reserves. Retrieved from https://databoks.katadata.co.id/datapublish/2020/02/06/provinsi-dengan-jumlah-cadangan-batu-bara-terbesar at 07 July 2022 (in Indonesian).

Noor, I., Arifin, Y.F., Priatmadi, B.J. and Saidy, A.R. 2020. Development of the Swampy forest system for passive treatment of acid mine drainage during post-mining land reclamation: A new concept review. Ecology, Environment and Conservation Paper 26(2):901-909.

Otchere, F.A., Veiga, M.M., Hinton, J.J., Farias, R.A. and Hamaguchi, R. 2004. Transforming open mining pits into fish farms: Moving towards sustainability. Natural Resources Forum 28:216-223, doi:10.1111/j.1477-8947.2004.00091.x.

Owusu, O., Bansah, K.J. and Mensah, A.K. 2019. “Small in size, but big in impactâ€: Socio-environmental reforms for sustainable artisanal and small-scale mining. Journal of Sustainable Mining 18:38-44, doi:10.1016/j.jsm.2019.02.001.

Pagoray, H. and Ghitarina, G. 2020. The use of aquatic plants as organic absorbent in coal mining void used for aquaculture. AACL Bioflux 13(2):857-864.

Pratiwi, Narendra, B.H., Siregar, C.A., Turjaman, M., Hidayat, A., Rachmat, H.H., Mulyanto, B. Suwardi, Iskandar, Maharani, R., Rayadin, Y., Prayudyaningsih, R., Yuwati, T.W., Prematuri, R. and Susilowati, A. 2021. Managing and reforesting degraded post-mining landscape in Indonesia: a review. Land 10:658, doi:10.3390/land10060658.

Rahmi H., Susetyo, D. and Juniah, R. 2019. Utilization Study of Void Mine for Sustainable Environment of The Limestone Mining Sector at PT Semen Baturaja (Persero) Tbk. Indonesian Journal of Environmental Management and Sustainability 3(2):54-59. doi:10.26554/ijems.2019.3.2.54-59.

Ramadhan, M.F.M., Juniah, R. and Iskandar, H. 2018. Used mining pit (void) limestone mine in PT. Semen Baturaja (Persero) Tbk for freshwater aquaculture ponds. Indonesian Journal of Environmental Management and Sustainability 4(2):124-131, doi:10.26554/ijems.2018.2.4.124-131.

Sriyasak, P., Chitmanat, C., Whangchai N., Promya, J. and Lebel, L. Effect of water de-stratification on dissolved oxygen and ammonia in tilapia ponds in Northern Thailand. International Aquatic Research 7:287-299, doi:10.1007/s40071-015-0113-y.

Sumiarsih, E. 2021. Analysis of water quality in layer cage with aquaponic system in PLTA Koto Panjang container, Kampar District. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 695 (1):012007.

Sutton, D.M. 2004. Social Research: The Basics. Sage Publications: London.

Wahyuningsih, S. and Gitarama, A.M. 2020. Ammonia in aquaculture systems. Syntax Literate; Jurnal Ilmiah Indonesia 5(2):112-125, doi:10.36418/syntax-literate.v5i2.929 (in Indonesian).

Wang, Y., Wang, P., Bai, Y., Tian, Z., Li, J., Shao, X., Mustavich, L.F. and Li, B. 2012. Assessment of surface water quality via multivariate statistical techniques: A case study of the Songhua River Harbin region, China. Journal of Hydro-environment Research 7:30-40, doi:10.1016/j.jher.2012.10.003.

Wirth, P., Chang, J., Syrbe, R., Wende, W. and Hu, T. 2018. Green infrastructure: a planning concept for the urban transformation of former coal-mining cities. International Journal of Coal Science & Technology 5:78-91, doi:10.1007/s40789-018-0200-y.

Woodbury, D.J., Yassir, I., Arbainsyah, Doroski, D.A., Queenborough, S.A. and Ashton, M.S. 2019. Filling a void: Analysis of early tropical soil and vegetative recovery under leguminous, post-coal mine reforestation plantations in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Land Degradation & Development 31(4):473-487, doi:10.1002/ldr.3464.

Younger, P.L. and Mayes, W.M. 2015. The potential use of exhausted open pit mine voids as sinks for atmospheric CO2: insights from natural reedbeds and mine water treatment wetlands. Mine Water and the Environment 34:112-120, doi:10.1007/s10230-014-0293-5.

Zhao, Y., Xia, X.H., Yang, Z.F. and Wang, F. 2012. Assessment of water quality in Baiyangdian Lake using multivariate statistical techniques. Procedia Environmental Sciences 13:1213-1226, doi:10.1016/j.proenv.2012.01.115.

Downloads

Submitted

08-09-2022

Accepted

23-10-2022

Published

01-01-2023

How to Cite

Christian, Y., Afandi, A., Prabowo, B., Rikardi, N., & Desmiwati, D. (2023). The feasibility of converting ex-coal mining void into aquaculture in North Kalimantan. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management, 10(2), 4143–4153. https://doi.org/10.15243/jdmlm.2023.102.4143

Issue

Section

Research Article