Characteristics and land suitability of newly establish rice field in Lesung Batu Muda, Rawas Ulu, Musi Rawas, South Sumatera
Rice field has a strategic function because it is the main provider of food for the population of Indonesia. The data of the land use for the rice field in Indonesia showed that around 41% in Java Island. Agricultural technology at the level of industry experienced rapid progress, but the technology implementation at the level by farmer is relatively slow. Increased production of rice in Indonesia was reported of less than 1% per year. The research aimed to study the characteristics and land suitability of newly established rice field in Lesung Batu Muda, Rawas Ulu, Musi Rawas, South Sumatera. There were two soil land units that were tested included water availability, rooting medium, level of erosion, soil chemical properties and land preparation. The results of the study showed that newly established rice fields in Lesung Batu Muda, Rawas Ulu, Musi Rawas, South Sumatera could be used to open new rice fields by planting twice a year. In opening new rice fields, the application of organic matter and creation of terracing on sloping areas were needed.
Adams F. 1971. Soil solution. In: Carson, E.W. (ed) The Plant Root and Its Environment. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 441–481
Ainsworth, E.A., Davey, P.A. and Hymus, G.J. 2003. Is stimulation of leaf photosynthesis by elevated carbon dioxide concentration maintained in the long term? A test with Lolium perenne grown for 10 years at two nitrogen fertilization levels under Free Air CO2 Enrichment (FACE). Plant, Cell & Environment 26: 705–714.
Ali, M.Y., Waddington, S.R., Hodson, D., Timsina, J. and Dixon, J. 2008. Maize-rice cropping systems in Bangladesh: Status and research opportunities. International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), Mexico, D.F.
Boyle, M., Frankenberger, W.T. and Stolzy, L.H. 1989. The influence of organic matter on soil aggregation and water infiltration. Journal of Production Agriculture 2: 290-299.
Bunning, S. and Jimenez, J.J. 2003. Indicators and Assessment of Soil Biodiversity / Soil Ecosystem Functioning for Farmers and Governments. FAO, Land Water Development Division, Rome, Italy. pp: 121.
Buresh, R., Pampolino, F. and Witt, C. 2010. Field-specific potassium and phosphorus balances and fertilizer requirements for irrigated rice-based cropping systems. Proceedings IPI-OUAT-IPNI International Symposium. 35-64.
Burns, R.G. and Davies, J.A. 1986. The microbiology of soil structure. Biological Agriculture & Horticulture 3: 95-l 13.
Cannell, R.Q. and Hawes, J.D. 1994. Trends in tillage practices in relation to sustainable crop production with special reference to temperate climates. Soil Tillage Research 30: 245-282.
Chapin, F.S., Moilanen, L. and Kielland, K. 1993. Preferential use of organic nitrogen for growth by a non-mycorrhizal arctic sedge. Nature 361: 1550–1553.
Chen, S.K., Liu, C. W. and Chen, Y.R. 2012. Assessing soil erosion in a terraced paddy field using experimental measurements and universal soil loss equation. Catena. 10.1016/j.catena.2012.02.013.
Coats, B. 2003. Global rice production. In: Smith, C.W. and Dilday, R.H. (eds), Rice Origin, History, Technology and Production. Wiley, Hoboken, NJ, USA, pp. 247–470.
Egejuru, L.O., Akubugwo, E.I., Ude, V.C., Ugbogu, O.C. and Ugbogu, E.A. 2014. Evaluation of physicochemical properties, microbial loads and enzymes activity studies of agrochemicals on the Imo-River basin farm in Imo State Nigeria. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 3 (2): 776-786.
Ernawati, N.M.L,. Ngawit, I.K. Farida, N. 2014. Effectiveness of organic wastes and forages to increase soil fertility status and crop yield in dry lands. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management 1 (4): 165-174.
Fageria, N.K. 2007. Yield physiology of rice. Journal of Plant Nutrition 30: 843–879
FAO. 2002. World Agriculture: Towards 2015/2030 Summary Report. FAO, Rome, Italy.
Grignani, C. and Zavattaro, L. 1999. Migliorare la gestione agronomica dei reflui zootecnici. L’Informatore Agrario 41: 28–32
Hanafiah, K.A. 2007. Basic Soil Science. Raja Grafindo Persada. Jakarta (in Indonesian)
Hudson, B.D. 1994. Soil organic matter and available water capacity. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 49: 189-194.
Inobushi, K. and Watanabe, I. 1986. Dynamics of available nitrogen in paddy soils. II. Mineralized N of chloroform-fumigated soil as a nutrient source for rice. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 32 (4) : 561-577
Jarvis, S.C., Stockdale, E.A,, Shepherd, M.A. and Powlson, D.S. 1996. Nitrogen mineralisation in temperate agricultural soils: processes and measurement. Advances in Agronomy 57: 187–235.
Johnson, D.W. and Cole, D.W. 1980. Anion mobility in soils: Relevance to nutrient transport from forest ecosystems. Environmental International 3: 79-90.
Kim, H.Y., Lieffering, M., Kobayashi, K., Okada, M., Mitchell, M.W. and Gumpertz, M. 2003. Effects of free-air CO2 enrichment and nitrogen supply on yield of temperate paddy rice crops. Field Crops Research 83: 261–270.
Ladha, J.K., Kumar. V., Alam, M.M., Sharma, S., Gathala, M.K., Chandna. P., Saharawat, Y.S. and Balasubramanian, V. 2009. Integrating crop and resource management technologies for enhanced productivity, profitability, and sustainability of the rice-wheat system in South Asia. In: Ladha, J.K., Singh, Y., Erenstein, O. and Hardy, B. (eds), Integrated Crop and Resource Management in the Rice–Wheat System of South Asia. International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Metro Manila, Philippines.
Lambers, H., Chapin, S.F. and Pons, T. 1998. Plant Physiological Ecology. Springer, New York.
Larson, W.E, and Pierce, F.J. 1991. Conservation and enhancement of soil quality. Evaluation for Sustainable Land Management in the Developing World. Vol. 2. IBSRAM Proceeding 12, 2 Technical Papers, International Board for Soil Research and Management, Bangkok, Thailand, pp. 175-203.
Leigh, R.A. and Jones, R.G. 1984. A hypothesis relating critical potassium concentrations for growth to the distribution and function of this ion in the plant cell. New Phytologist 97: 1-13
Maclean, J.L., Dawe, D.C., Hardy, B. and Hettel, G.P. 2002. Rice almanac: Source Book for the Most Important Activity on Earth. Third edition. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK and International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Metro Manila, Philippines.
MacRae, R.J. and Mehuys, G.R. 1985. The effect of green manuring on the physical properties of temperate-area soils. Advances in Soil Science 3: 71-94.
Murphy, D.V., Recous, S., Stockdale, E.A,, Fillery, I.R., Jensen, L.S., Hatch, D.J. and Goulding, K.W. 2003. Gross nitrogen fluxes in soil: theory, measurement and application of 15N pool dilution techniques. Advances in Agronomy 79: 69–118.
National Research Council. 1993. Monitoring and Managing Soil Quality. Soil and Water Quality, National Academy Press, Washington, DC, pp. 189-236.
Nieder, R. and Benbi, D.K. 2008. Carbon and Nitrogen in the Terrestrial Environment. Springer Netherlands.
Oades, J.M. 1984. Soil organic matter and structural stability: Mechanisms and implications for management. Plant and Soil 76: 319-337.
Pikul, J.L.Jr. and Ouzel, J.F. 1994. Soil crusting and water infiltration affected by long-term tillage and residue management. Soil Science Society of America Journal 58: 1524-1530.
Raab, T.K,, Lipson, D.A. and Monson, R.K. 1996. Non mycorrhizal uptake of amino acids by roots of the alpine sedge Kobresia myosuroides: implications for the alpine nitrogen cycle. Oecologia 108: 488–494.
Ramirez, A.J. and Rose, A.W. 1992. Analytical geochemistry of organic phosphorus and its correlation with organic carbon in marine and fluvial sediments and soils. American Journal of Science 292:421-454.
Richey, J.E. 1983. The phosphorus cycle. In: Bolin, B. and Cook, R.B. (eds), The Major Biogeochemical Cycles and Their Interactions. John Wiley, New York, pp. 51-56.
Robinson, C.A., Cruse, R.M. and Kohler, K.A. 1994. Soil management. In: Hatfield, J.L. and Karlen, D.L. (eds.), Sustainable Agriculture Systems. Lewis Publishers, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA, pp. 109-134.
Sanchez, P.A., Gichuru, M.P. and Katz, L.B. 1982. Organic matter in major soils of the tropical and temperate regions. 12th International Congress of Soil Science, Symposia Papers I, I: 99-114.
Schlesinger, W.H. 1991. Biogeochemistry: An Analysis of Global Change. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.
Sollins, P., Robertson, G.P. and Uehara, G. 1988. Nutrient mobility in variable- and permanent-charge soils. Biogeochemistry 6: 181-199.
Suter, D., Nosberger, J. and Luscher, A. 2001. Response of perennial ryegrass to free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) is related to the dynamics of sward structure during regrowth. Crop Science 41: 810–817.
Tisdale, S.L., Nelson, W.L., Beaton, J.D. and Havlin, J.L. 1993. Soil fertility and Fertilizer. New York: Macmillan.
Tisdall, J.M. and Oades, J.M. 1982. Organic matter and water stable aggregates in soils. Journal Soil of Science 33: 141-163.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2015 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management
License URL: http://jdmlm.ub.ac.id/index.php/jdmlm/about/submissions#copyrightNotice