Determination of heavy metal elements concentration in soils and tailing sediments from lateritic nickel post-mining areas in Motui District, Southeast Sulawesi
Keywords:heavy metal, lateritic nickel, Motui, post-mining, soil, tailing sediment
AbstractHeavy metal elements concentration study has been determined from soils and tailing sediments in laterite nickel post-mining area in Motui District Southeast Sulawesi. This study aimed to determine the concentration of some heavy metal elements, especially Fe, Co, Mn and Cr, from surface soils sediments in waste dump sites and tailing sediments in settling ponds from lateritic nickel post-mining areas. A total of 20 samples consisting of 18 soil samples and 2 tailing sediments samples were systematically collected for the study. The soil samples from the waste dump site profile were collected from 3 layers which were divided based on the colour of the soils from top to bottom, namely Layer C, Layer D and Layer E. Six soil samples were taken from each layer with space between each sample in one layer was about 50 â€“ 60 cm. The samples were sent to the laboratory and analysed using Atomic Absorption Spectrometer (AAS) method to determine the concentration of heavy elements. Metal-bearing minerals detected from the bedrock consists of chromite, manganese, magnetite and limonite which are responsible for the Cr, Mn and Co, and Fe content, respectively. The result showed that Fe content is significantly higher in soil samples from Layer C and tailing sediments with dark red to brown in colour, suggesting the strong relation between Fe content and colour index. The general element mobility trend showed that Mn and Co are positively correlated in soil sampling from all layers and tailing samples, whereas Fe and Cr show a negative correlation trend in Layer C, D and tailing sediments but positively correlated in Layer E.
Akane, I., Otake, T., Maulana, A., Sanematsu, K., Sufriadin, and Sato, T. 2021. Geochemical constraints on the mobilization of Ni and critical metals in laterite deposits, Sulawesi, Indonesia: A mass balance approach. Resource Geology 71(3):255-282, doi:10.1111/rge.12266.
Alexandre-Kwaterczak, U. and Helios-Rybicka, E. 2009. Contaminated sediments as potential source of Zn, Pb and Cd for a river system in the historical metalliferous ore mining and smelting industry area of South Poland. Journal of Soils and Sediments 9(1):13-22, doi:10.1007/s11368-008-0051-z.
Dublet, G., Juillot, F., Brest, J., Noel, V., Fritsch, E., Proux, O., Olivi, L., Ploquin, F. and Morin, G. 2017. Vertical changes of the Co and Mn speciation along lateritic regolith developed on peridotites (New Caledonia). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 217:1-15, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2017.07.010.
Festin, E. S., Tigabu, M., Chileshe, M.N., Syampungani, S. and OdeÂ´n. P. C. 2019. Progress in restoration of post-mining landscape in Africa. Journal of Forestry Research 30(2):381-396, doi:10.1007/s11676-018-0621-x.
Fu, W., Yang, J., Yang, M., Pang, B., Liu, X., Niu, H. and Huang, X. 2014. Mineralogical and geochemical characteristic of serpentinite-derived laterite profile from East Sulawesi, Indonesia: Implication for the laterization process and Ni supergene enrichment in the tropical forest. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 93:74-88, doi:10.1016/j.jseaes.2014.06.030.
Ilyas, A., Kashiwaya, K. and Koike, K. 2016. Ni grade distribution in laterite characterized from geostatistics, topography, and the paleo-groundwater system in Sorowako, Indonesia. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 165:174-188, doi:10.1016/j.gexplo.2016.03.002.
Kierczak, J., Pietranik, A. and Pedziwiatr, A. 2021. Ultramafic geosystems as a natural source of Ni, Cr and Co to the environment: A review. Science of The Total Environment 755:142620, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.142620.
Larondelle, N. and Haase, D. 2012. Valuing post-mining landscapes using an ecosystem services approach â€“ An example from Germany. Ecological Indicator 18:567-574, doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2012.01.008.
Lin, C., Tong, X., Lu, W., Yan, L., Wu, Y, Nie, C., Chu, C., Long. J. 2005. Environmental impacts of surface mining on mined land, affected streams and agricultural lands in Dabaoshan mine region, southern China. Land Degradation & Development 16:463-474.
Maulana, A., Sanematsu, K. and Sakakibara, M. 2016. An overview on the possibility of Scandium and REE occurrence in Sulawesi. Indonesian Journal on Geosciences 3(2):139-147, doi:10.17014/ijog.3.2.139-147.
Prematuri, R., Turjaman, M., Sato, T. and Tawaraya, K. 2020. The impact of nickel mining on soil properties and growth of two Fast-growing Tropical Tress species. International Journal of Forestry Research 19:1-9, doi:10.1155/2020/8837590.
Roca, N., Pasos, M.S. and Bech, J. 2008. The relationship between WRB soils units and heavy metals content in soils of Catamarca (Argentina). Journal of Geochemical Exploration 96(2-3):77-85, doi:10.1016/j.gexplo.2007.04.004.
Soltani, N., Keshavarzi, B. Moore, F., Sorooshian, A. and Ahmadi, M.R. 2017. Distribution of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) in tailing, soils, and plant around Gol-e-Gohar iron mine, a case study in Iran. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International 24(23):18798-18816, doi:10.1007/s11356-017-9342-5.
Vardaki, C. and Kelepertsis, A. 1999. Environmental impact of heavy metals (Fe, Ni, Cr, Co) in soils water and plants of triada in euboa from ultrabasic rocks and nickeliferous mineralization. Environmental Geochemistry and Health 21:211-226, doi:10.1023/a:1006648428381.
Wuana, R.A. and Okieimen, F.E. 2011. Heavy metal in contaminated soils: A review of sources, chemistry, risk and best available strategies for remediation. International Scholarly Research Network Ecology, Article ID 402647, doi:10.5402/2011/402647.
How to Cite
LicenseSubmission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Scientific Journal by Eko Handayanto is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://www.ub.ac.id.
Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at http://www.ircmedmind.ub.ac.id.